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Interpretations of history


The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils: 


  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind. 




  • Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries].




  • The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain
  • The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor
  • Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots 
  • A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066.



Year 1

Interpretations of history

Guy Fawkes

Use stories to encourage children to distinguish between fact and fiction

Compare adults talking about the past - how reliable are their memories?












Year 2

Interpretations of history

Great Fire of London

Compare two versions of a past event

Compare pictures or photographs of people or events in the past

Discuss reliability of photos/accounts/stories.




Year 3

Interpretations of history

Romans (local area links)

Identify and give reasons for different ways in which the past is represented

Distinguish between different sources - compare different versions of the same story

Look at representations of the period - museum, cartoons etc.














Year 4

Interpretations of history


Look at the evidence available

Begin to evaluate the usefulness of different sources

Use textbooks and historical knowledge.















Year 5

Interpretations of history


Compare accounts of events from different sources - fact or fiction

Offer some reasons for different versions of events.














Year 6

Interpretations of history

The Titanic

Link sources and work out how conclusions were arrived at 

Consider ways of checking the accuracy of interpretations - fact or fiction and opinion

Be aware that different evidence will lead to different conclusions

Confidently use the library and internet for research.