# Geometry Year 1

• describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three quarter turns.

Year 2

• order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences
• use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise).

Year 3

N/A

Year 4

• describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant
• describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down
• plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon.

Year 5

• identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed.

Year 6

• describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants)
• draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes.  Year 1

• recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:
• 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]
• 3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres]. Year 2

• identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
• identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
•  identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]
•  compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects. Year 3

• draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them
• recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
• identify right angles, recognise that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
•  identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines.

Year 4

• compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes.
•  identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size.
•  identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations.
•  complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

Year 5

• identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations
• know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
• draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o )
• identify:
• angles at a point and one whole turn (total 360 degrees )
• angles at a point on a straight line and 1/2 a turn (total 180  degrees )
•  other multiples of 90 degrees
• use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles
• distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles.

Year 6

• draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles
•  recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets
• compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
• illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius
• recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles.
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