read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs
represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero
solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = – 9.
solve problems with addition and subtraction:
using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100
add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
a two-digit number and ones
a two-digit number and tens
two two-digit numbers
adding three one-digit numbers
show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot
recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.
add and subtract numbers mentally, including:
a three-digit number and ones
a three-digit number and tens
a three-digit number and hundreds
add and subtract numbers with up to three digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction
estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers
solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction.
add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate
estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation
solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.
add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers
use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy
solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.
perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers
identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations
solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why Mathematics – key stages 1 and 2 40 Statutory requirements
solve problems involving addition, subtraction
use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy.
Unfortunately not the ones with chocolate chips.
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