# Measurement Year 1

• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
• lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]
• mass/weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]
• capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter]
• time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]
• measure and begin to record the following:
•  lengths and heights
• mass/weight
• capacity and volume
• time (hours, minutes, seconds)

Year 2

• Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.
• Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =.

Year 3

• Measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
• Measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes.

Year 4

• Convert between different units of measure [for example, kilometre to metre; hour to minute].
• Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres.
• Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.

Year 5

• Convert between different units of metric measure (for example, kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre).
• Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints.
• Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres.
• Calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2 ) and square metres (m2 ) and estimate the area of irregular shapes.
• Estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm3 blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water].
• Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling.

Year 6

• Solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate.
• Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places.
• Convert between miles and kilometres.
• Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa.
• Recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes.
• Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles.
• Calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm3 ) and cubic metres (m3 ), and extending to other units [for example, mm3 and km3 ]. Year 1

• Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.

Year 2

• Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.
• Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.
• Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change. Year 3

• Add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts.

Year 4

• Estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence.

Year 5

• Use all four operations to solve problems involving money, using decimal notation, including scaling. Year 1

• Sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening].
• Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years.
• Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Year 2

• Compare and sequence intervals of time.
• Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.
• Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Year 3

• Tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks.
• Estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnight.
• Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year.
• Compare durations of events [for example to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks].

Year 4

• Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks.
• Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

Year 5

• Solve problems involving converting between units of time.

Year 6

• Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places. Year 3

• Measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes.

Year 4

• Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres.
• Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.

Year 5

• Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres.
• Calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2 ) and square metres (m2 ) and estimate the area of irregular shapes.
• Estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm3 blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water].

Year 6

• Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa.
• Recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes.
• Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles.
• Calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm3 ) and cubic metres (m3 ), and extending to other units [for example, mm3 and km3 ].
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