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Place Knowledge

The National Curriculum for Geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

KS1 place knowledge:

  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

KS2 place knowledge:

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America


Year 1


Let’s explore London

My world and Me

  • Identify similarities and differences between the local environment and one other place.
  • Express own views about a place, people and environment.
  • Draw and label pictures to show how places are different.




Year 2


Let’s go on Safari

Seas and coasts

  • Explain and form an opinion about a place, people and the environment.
  • Compare and describe an area of the UK to a place outside of Europe using geographical words.




Year 3


In the desert


  • Look at maps, pictures and other sources to identify similarities and differences between.
  • Compare physical and human features, draw conclusions, pose questions and use prior knowledge of map reading.



Year 4


Spain and Catalonia

Investigating India

  • Discuss and compare the climate zones of the UK and relate this knowledge to the weather in the local area.




Year 5

South America


  • Study photos/pictures/maps to make comparisons between locations.




Year 6


Exploring Africa

Water World

  • Describe how some places are similar and others are different in relation to their physical features
  • Study maps of the Africa to identify environmental regions. Compare and contrast these regions.